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Temple

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About Triprayar Sreerama Temple

The one who transformed a hunter into a holy sage, the one who removed the darkness of ignorance and brought the light of wisdom, the one who attracted and delighted all the worlds, the one who owns the holy chant of ‘Rama’; that Sree Ramachandra Swami is blessing all from the famous Triprayar Temple. The greatness of this temple is beyond words. The atmosphere of this temple gives immense happiness to the devotees and the place looks peaceful, glorious and attractive.

Those who yearn sincerely can feel the presence of God. Those who have belief in him will not be disturbed by the wicked souls. They get physical and spiritual pleasure.

Fixing the blue sky in mind, which has the colour of Sree Rama, the Nandiyar River flows at the eastern side with the chanting of Rama mantra and touching the feet of the Almighty. The beautiful nature sways its fans with the coconut leaves. At a short distance the waves of Arabian Sea is also found chanting the Rama mantra. As the clear sound of Sree Hanuman, the great grammarian and faithful servant of Sree Ramachandra Swamy, the sounds of dynamites are echoing all over the place. Thus with all the specialities this famous Sree Rama Temple keeps its uniqueness from all other temples of Kerala.

History

The elders believe that the idol of Triprayar Thevar was worshipped by Lord Sri Krishna at Dwaraka. Some elders say that in olden days the river was in the western side of the temple and it turned to flow through the other side later. This may be the reason for calling it ‘Thiruppurayar’. The devotee who wrote a book about this place stated that ‘Thrippadayar’ had become Triprayar. In literature the reference on Triprayar is in ‘Kokasandesam’ written by an unknown poet of the fourteenth century. During the explanation of the route to Kollam from Tripprankode, this place and temple is referred as follows:

“The river, there are lotuses and beetles,
It is this beautiful river, Nanthiyar
If we cross this river, we can see
The place Purayar, the place of killer of Kamsa”


From this poem we can understand that the name of Triprayar was Purayar. The name of the river is given as Nanthiyar. As there was a temple of Sree Rama, the term Thiru could have been added as a mark of respect. ‘Pura’ might have been changed to ‘Pra’ because of the influence of Sanskrit. ‘Thiru’ became ‘Tri’ as per the ‘Sandhi’ rules. Thus the word Thiruppurayar got changed as Triprayar.

‘Chenthamaramalar chuvanthiyam Nanthiyaru’

(Nanthiyar, which is filled with lotuses, is compared with the red coloured evening). Such a reference is found in Kokasandesam. But from these references we have not got Kokasandesam. But from these references we have not got any historical facts about the temple. There is a reference in the Peruvanam Grandhavari (a statement written in an ancient palm leaf) about the starting of Arattupuzha pooram, which is a conference of Devis and Sasthas and in which the Triprayar Thevar is presiding. The reference is given as ‘Ayathu Sivalokam’. This is a code word used for the Kalai year 3684; the month Meenam and date 7. From this we can understand that the Arattupuzha pooram started in the Malayalam year 1413 prior to 1170, Meenam month. We also know that the temple would have been there even before the beginning of the festival.

The inquiry about this Arattupuzha pooram would be interesting. In this festival Devis and Sasthas are the only ones participating besides Triprayar Thevar. Before the arrival of Namboothiris, there were no temples in Kerala. There were only ‘Kavus’ (a worshipping place without Sri Kovil, chuttambalam and the big outer walls). Only ‘Vela’ were held, no Utsavams. When Namboodiris, the Aryans, arrived here the Kavus became temples. They introduced Sree Rama, Sree Krishna and other such Gods to the ancient Keralites. Chathan was a God of Kerala of that time and these Aryans, it seemed, pushed that God to the back row. There is another opinion that the same Chathan is converted as Sastha by these Namboothiris.

There is a separate temple for sastha within the compound walls of Triprayar Temple (It was renovated and a gold cover was placed over the Vigraham in the year 1169). This temple would have been there even before the installation of Sree Rama temple. This Sastha would have been taken to Arattupuzha pooram earlier. In later years, when Thevar became prominent over Sastha, he would have been taken to Arattupuzha. This incident may be the reason for the Grandhavari. As the Devi temple at Guruvayoor, which moved to the north side with the arrival of Sree Krishna Temple Here the Sastha Temple moved to the southern side with the arrival of Sree Rama Temple. There are two main functions in Triprayar for Sastha. One is Pathamudayam Vela and the other is Dasami Vela. Dasami Vela is the previous day function of Triprayar Ekadasi. On Dasami Vela day Sastha comes out of the temple to see his countrymen. The term Vela is also notable.

In Kokasandesam the reference is given about the prathista of Gosala Krishnan (killer of Kamsa). It would have been an imagination of a devotee to exaggerate the entire temple as Sree Krishna temple. It is also quite difficult to believe that there were lotuses in the Triprayar River.



Festivals

There is no Dhwaja Sthambham (Flag post) in this temple. Ekadasi festival which is celebrated in the month of Vrischikam and the pooram feastival in the month of Meenam are the two main festivals of this temple. Even though this temple is considered as a Sree Rama Temple, there is no celebration for the Sree Rama Navami. The day of the Installation, Pathamudayam are also being celebrated in this temple.

In Thiruvonam day of the month of Kanni, there is a function called ‘Ramam chira kettal’ (Construction of an irrigation bund called Raman Chira). This is at a place called Chemmapilli, three kilometers north of this temple. The deity is not taken to that place for the function. But the people believe that the presence of the Lord would be there on that day. Now the place has been sold to somebody else. But the function is being conducted even now as it used to be.

Triprayar Ekadasi

Krishnapaksha Ekadasi of the month of Vrischikam is celebrated in this temple.

Nature has given all its boons to this place where the temple of the Thevar is situated. As Sarayu River flows near Ayodhya, Triprayar River flows beside this temple. The reflection of this temple with full of illumination is witnessed by thousands of people every year. The beauty of Triprayar, which gets ready for the festival, is inexpressible in words.

As other festivals, the attraction of this festival is not because of the crackers; it is the devotional atmosphere that forms the speciality here.

In the afternoon of Dasami, the procession of Sastha comes out of the temple. This is called Dasami Vela. This marks the beginning of Ekadasi festival. In the night, the Thevar is also taken out as procession. This is called the Dasami Vilakku.

There are three processions on Ekadasi day. All the elephants that come here for the functions are sent as offerings from their owners. And so there is no limit in the number of elephants for the processions. On Ekadasi night, ‘Dwadasi panamvekkal’ takes place. Many devotees take part in it. Triprayar Ekadasi is a great delight for the devotees.



Poorampurappadu and Uthram Vilakku


There are three types of festivals in Kerala temples. They are Ankuradi (mulayidal), Dhwajadi (Kodikayattam) and Padahadi (Kottippurappedal). The pooram purappadu of this temple is padahadi. There is no mulayidal or kodikayattam. Kottippurappedal is conducted here.

Including the pooram day in the month of Meenam, the festival lasts for seven days. First day, when the star of Makayeeram comes in Karkitakam Rasi, the function of Pooram Purappadu takes place. The Utsava Moorthy is taken to the Mukhamandapam. Then the Brahmani paatu takes place. Before bringing the deity to the mandapam the tradition in olden days was to ask if there was anybody with any grievance. If anybody was there with any sort of grievance, those are immediately rectified. Only then the deity is taken out. Nowadays there is no such system of asking. But the people believe that, if they wish anything at that time, it will be fulfilled.

After the Brahmanipaatu, the Lord would be brought out and fixed to the gold kolam. Then the Lord is taken in his own elephant(in this occasion the gold Kolam would not be taken on the elephants, which have arrived as offerings. Then the gun salute takes place. Along with this, 1501 dynamites also burst. After this the Lord is taken out of the temple as a procession. Thereafter the Lord goes to Sethukulam for arattu, which is one kilometer to the north west of the temple. There are no other functions on that day. Everywhere the people given wholehearted welcome to the Thevar. The programmes of the journeys of the Thevar for the next few days are given here.



Second Day

In the morning there is Arattu in Puthankulam, which is very near in the western side of the temple. In the evening, the trip for the Kattur pooram begins.


Third Day

Arattu in Kannambillichira. Then in the evening the journey starts to Kurukkenkulam for arattu.


Fourth Day

In the morning there is Arattu in Puthankulam, which is very near in the western side of the temple. In the evening, the trip for the Kattur pooram begins.


Fifth Day

In the morning there is Arattu in Puthankulam, which is very near in the western side of the temple. In the evening, the trip for the Kattur pooram begins.


Sixth Day

In the morning there is Arattu in Puthankulam, which is very near in the western side of the temple. In the evening, the trip for the Kattur pooram begins.


Seventh Day

Thevar returns in the afternoon and takes arattu in Puthankulam. In the evening Thevar starts for the historically famous Arattupuzhapooram to preside over the function. Thevar starts with colourful decorations and beautiful silk umbrella. The silk umbrella is not used on the other trips. It is used only at the places where the main functions are held. When the Lord crosses the river in his Pallithoni, the sounds of “Rama Rama” from the hearts of the devotees are filled in the air. Every eye would be filled with tears at this time.

Irrespective of their caste, creed and religion, all the people give warm welcome to the Thever throughout His way. At Chirakkal, Thevar gets down from the Elephant. When Chothi Star reaches the top, Thevar arrives at Kaithavalappu, Arattupuzha. The most devotional scene of the Arattupuzha Pooram is the Koottyezhunnallippu of the early morning. Urakathamma and Cherpu Bhagavathy will be there at the either sides of the Thevar. After the Koottyezhunnallippu, there is arattu in the Mantharamkadavu in Arattupuzha. The last scene is the sendoff given by the Arattupuzha Sastha to the Thevar. Sastha goes with Thevar for a short distance (seven fields) and returns to his temple after fixing the next year’s day, date and time of the Arattupuzha pooram.


Eighth Day

After the pooram, Thevar returns to Triprayar by about four O’ clock. Then there is Uthram Vilakku at night. All the rituals of the pooram purappadu are repeated here also.



Nalambalam

Nalambalam is a set of four Hindu temples in Kerala. In malayalam, Nalu means four and Ambalam means Temple. These are the temples for the Rama brothers of Ramayana.

Nalambalam Yatra begins from the Rama temple in Triprayar and ends up at Shatrughna Temple in Payyammal. It is customary to visit the four temples in the order Rama, Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrughna respectively. A pilgrimage to these temples on a single day during the holy month of Karkkidakam believed to shower blessings and ensure prosperity. Starting from Thripprayar and ending in Payammel, through Irinjalakuda and Moozhikulam.



Triprayar Sreerama Temple
Koodalmanikyam Bharata Temple

Payammal Shatrughna Temple
Moozhikulam Lakshmana Perumal Temple
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Poojas

Sno
Name of offerings
Amount
Remarks
1
Annadhaanam on the first day of malayalam month
    52500
2
Udayaasthamana Pooja
    39500
3
Special kalabham
    100
4
18000/ Rs Annadhaanam
    18000
5
1001 vedi vazhipaad
    15000
6
Niramaala Chuttuvilakk (A)
    14000
7
12000/ Rs Annadhaanam
    12000
8
koothu vazhipadu
    11000
9
Niramaala Chuttuvilakk (B)
    8500
10
Nanaya para
    7500
11
Divasa pooja
    5500
12
Kalabham
    5000
13
Niramaala Chuttuvilakk(C)
    4500
14
Vedi vazhipaad 101 nu
    1500
15
Samboorna Neyvilakk
    1250
16
Niramaala
    800
17
Neyyabhishekam
    800
18
Marriage
    500
19
Pushpaabhishekam
    400
20
Mrithyunjaya homam
    250
21
Chandanam Chaarthal
    200
22
Sundara Kaandam vaayana
    200
23
Lakshmi naarayana Pooja
    175
24
Ambum villum
    175
25
Choroon
    100
26
Ada
    100
27
Brahmarakshass Pooja
    100
28
Aayillyapooja
    100
29
Ney Kindi
    100
30
Neyy Kudam
    100
31
Thottil Samarppanam
    100
32
Paalppayasam
    80
33
Neypaayasam
    80
34
Appam
    75
35
Ganapathy homam
    75
36
Ottayappam
    75
37
Vedi vazhipaad 5 nu
    75
38
Kattippayasam
    60
39
Koott paayasam
    60
40
Thattam
    60
41
Neeranjanam
    50
42
Noorum paalum
    50
43
Thrikky Venna
    50
44
Kootta vedi vazhipadu 1
    45
45
Avil Nivedyam
    40
46
Bhajanam
    40
47
Bhaagya Sooktham
    30
48
Purusha Sooktham
    30
49
Ashttotharam
    30
50
Vishnu sahasranaamaarchana
    30
51
Undamaala
    25
52
Vella Nivedhyam
    25
53
Velli avayavam
    25
54
Maalapooja
    20
55
Naalikeram
    20
56
Vedi Vazhipaad 1
    15
57
Meenoott
    15
58
Neyy
    13
59
Maala
    10
60
Pushpaanjali
    10
61
Sasthvu archana
    10
62
Gosala Krishnan Pushpanjali
    10
63
Elluthiri
    8
64
Enna
    7


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Administration

The temple is under the administration of Cochin Devaswom Board



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Contact Us

Address

Devaswom Manager Triprayar Devaswom, Valappad (P.O), Thrissur

Phone Number

91889 58015 , 0487 - 2391375


Cochin Devaswom Board Phone Number

04872 - 331124

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